The Salis Lab has recently discovered a new mechanism, called Ribosome Drafting, that controls a mRNA's translation rate. Learn more about it in our latest publication: Espah Borujeni and Salis. Translation Initiation is Controlled by RNA Folding Kinetics via a Ribosome Drafting Mechanism, Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2016

Are you engineering riboswitches? See our latest NAR Breakthrough Article Automated physics-based design of riboswitches from diverse RNA aptamers, Nucleic Acid Research, 2016. Are you engineering bacterial operons? In non-model hosts? Then our latest published work should also interest you: Kushwaha and Salis, A Portable Expression Resource for Engineering Cross-species Genetic Circuits and Pathways, Nature Communications, 2015. and Tian and Salis, A Predictive Biophysical Model of Translational Coupling to Coordinate and Control Protein Expression in Bacterial Operons, Nucleic Acid Research, 2015

Did you design DNA using our algorithms? Please cite the appropriate articles: RBS Calculator v2.0 RBS Library Calculator Operon Calculator Riboswitch Calculator

Operon Calculator
Optimize Coding Sequence Only
Title


Promoter Sequence (optional)

Operon mRNA Sequence [?]
mRNA Sequence: enter the nucleotide sequence of an mRNA transcript, using A/G/C/T/U. (required)

Organism or (16S rRNA) [?]
Organism or 16S rRNA sequence: choose a bacterial species by typing in the first 3 letters of its name and selecting it from the list. Alternatively, you may enter the last 9 nucleotides of the 16S rRNA, using A/G/C/T/U. (required)
(start typing)

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Have a Question? Our Documentation, Publications, and References may have your answer!
When using these results, please reference H.M. Salis, E.A. Mirsky, C.A. Voigt, Nat. Biotech., 2009
We gratefully acknowledge funding from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency and computational resources provided by the National Science Foundation TeraGrid.